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Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis for displaced midshaft clavicle fractures: An indirect reduction using joystick technique

Published:September 29, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2022.09.005

      Abstract

      Background

      A minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) technique has become increasingly popular in long bone fracture fixation as it could eliminate postoperative complications. However, the most challenging aspect of employing the MIPO for midshaft clavicle fractures among general orthopedic surgeons is the technically demanding that indirect reduction is typically a closed maneuver.

      Methods

      We present a consecutive series of patients with displaced midshaft clavicle fractures undergoing clavicular fixation using the MIPO technique between January 2017 and October 2019. The joystick technique was used to obtain anatomical reduction. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the Constant-Murley and the American shoulder and elbow surgeons shoulder scores.

      Results

      Thirty patients with a mean age of 42.44 years were included. The functional shoulder scores showed no disabilities compared with those of a healthy population. No major complications requiring re-operation were noted, and all fractures were completely healed with an average time of 12.53 weeks.

      Conclusion

      This study demonstrated that facilitating the MIPO for midshaft clavicle fractures using simple operative devices and techniques was possible. The joystick technique with the use of an external fixator for temporary stabilization is a safe and effective method that can be added to achieve anatomical alignment with the fracture site unexposed. This technique could be performed either in a fresh fracture or a delayed case with failed conservative treatment.

      Keywords

      Abbreviation:

      MIPO (Minimally Invasive Plate Osteosynthesis)
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