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Less tunnel enlargement in triple-bundle versus double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A randomized clinical trial

Published:September 26, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2022.08.010

      Abstract

      Background

      No study thus far has compared tunnel enlargement between double-bundle and triple-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. We compared tibial tunnel enlargement and rate of tibial tunnel coalition between these two reconstructions, hypothesizing that tibial tunnel enlargement in triple-bundle reconstruction is less than that in double-bundle reconstruction, and that the tunnel coalition rate is equal between the two procedures.

      Methods

      This prospective randomized clinical trial included 25 patients who underwent computed tomography 2 weeks and 1 year postoperatively. Eleven patients underwent double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and 14 underwent triple-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Tunnel positions and tunnel coalition at the tibial tunnel aperture were assessed using three-dimensional computed tomography. Tunnel enlargement rate was calculated by measuring the sagittal and axial widths of the tibial bone tunnel 10 mm from the tibial tunnel aperture. These parameters were then compared between the groups.

      Results

      The changes in tunnel positions and tunnel coalitions between groups were not significantly different. On both sagittal and axial views, the tunnel enlargement rates of the medial and lateral sections of the anteromedial bundle in the triple-bundle group were significantly smaller than those in the double-bundle group (sagittal view, p = 0.02 and < 0.01, respectively; axial view, p = 0.02 and ≤ 0.05, respectively). The groups did not differ significantly in terms of posterolateral tunnel enlargement.

      Conclusion

      Tunnel widening in the medial and lateral sections of the anteromedial bundle-associated tibial tunnel in triple-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction was smaller than that of double-bundle reconstruction. The tunnel coalition rates between the two reconstructions were not significantly different.

      Keywords

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