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Bone mineral density, limb muscle mass, muscle strength, and exercise capacity are reduced in female patients with distal radius fractures when the unaffected side grip strength is less than 18 kg

Published:September 28, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2022.09.001

      Abstract

      Background

      Prevention of domino effects after distal radius fractures is important for improving life expectancy. Fragility fractures secondary to falls are associated with decreased bone mineral density, muscle strength, and exercise capacity. Grip strength is one of the simplest and most useful tests to comprehensively judge muscle strength. The purpose of this study was to examine whether grip strength is associated with bone mineral density, limb muscle mass, muscle strength, and exercise capacity, by comparing patient backgrounds based on the presence or absence of grip weakness in female patients with distal radius fractures.

      Methods

      This study included women with distal radius fractures who visited our orthopedics outpatient department between April 2015 and April 2020. Bone mineral density, limb muscle mass, skeletal muscle mass index, muscle strength (grip strength on unaffected side and quadriceps muscle strength), the Timed Up and Go test, and the Two-Step test were evaluated six to eight weeks after injury. Patients were divided into two groups according to the cutoff value of grip strength (18–21 kg), and 90 age-adjusted and matched participants were compared and examined.

      Results

      At the cutoff value of 18 kg, a significant decrease in lumbar spine and total proximal femur bone mineral density (p < 0.05, p < 0.05), limb muscle mass and skeletal muscle mass index (p < 0.01, p < 0.05), quadriceps femoris muscle strength (p < 0.01), the Timed Up and Go test (p < 0.05), and the Two-Step test (p < 0.01), was observed in the grip-weakness group compared to that in the no-grip-weakness group.

      Conclusions

      In women with distal radius fracture and grip strength <18 kg on the unaffected side, bone mineral density, limb muscle mass, quadriceps femoris strength, and exercise capacity may be reduced. These results suggest reduced grip strength may be an indicator for further testing to prevent domino effects.

      Keywords

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