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Clinical outcomes and temporal changes in the range of motion following reverse total shoulder arthroplasty

Published:October 12, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2022.09.008

      Abstract

      Background

      Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty is a definitive solution for the treatment of massive rotator cuff tear and shoulder pseudoparalysis since it can improve shoulder function, especially in elderly individuals. For many elderly individuals, the concern is when they can return to their daily lives after surgery. This study aimed to clarify the characteristics of temporal postoperative values following reverse total shoulder arthroplasty and investigate the factors that affect clinical outcomes.

      Methods

      This study included 52 patients (mean 79.2 years, range 70–87 years) who underwent primary reverse total shoulder arthroplasty for shoulder pseudoparalysis at a single institution by a single surgeon using the same implant between October 2014 and June 2019. We divided 52 patient into the following groups (1) female (n = 34)vs. male (n = 18) patients; (2) with (n = 19) vs. without (n = 33) arthritic changes in glenohumeral joints (Hamada grade 2, 3 vs. 4, 5); (3) with (n = 23) vs. without (n = 29) subscapularis tendon repair; and investigated the temporal changes in the range of motion (flexion, abduction, external rotation, and internal rotation) and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons scores.

      Results

      Significant differences were observed in postoperative shoulder flexion (P = .046) and abduction (P = .049) between the female and male groups. The male patients were able to obtain quick functional recovery. However, no significant differences were observed in postoperative American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons scores, and the shoulder range of motion between patients with Hamada grade 2, 3 and 4, 5, and between the subscapularis repair and no repair groups.

      Conclusion

      The factor that affected the final and temporal values of range of motion after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty was sex, rather than the arthritic changes in glenohumeral joint and the treatment of the subscapularis tendon.

      Keywords

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