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Mid-term clinical outcomes of a posterior stabilized total knee prosthesis for Japanese patients: A minimum follow-up of 5 years

Published:December 01, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2022.09.019

      Abstract

      Background

      A high–flexion posterior-stabilized total knee prosthesis has been developed for the Asian population. The component design was based on computed tomography images of Japanese osteoarthritic knees. The femoral component is composed of zirconia ceramics, which exhibit low friction and high durability. The present study aimed to evaluate the mid-term clinical outcomes of this implant.

      Methods

      This study included 334 knees of 210 patients who underwent primary total knee arthroplasty with this implant at our hospital between October 2010 and December 2014. The patients comprised 28 men and 172 women with an average age of 73 years. The average follow-up period was 5.9 years, and the follow-up rate was 71.1%. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the Knee Society scoring system, 2011 Knee Society questionnaire, and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score. Kaplan–Meier survivorship analysis was performed to determine the cumulative prosthesis survival rate.

      Results

      In terms of clinical outcomes at the final follow-up, the average ranges of motion were −2.0 in extension and 126.7 in flexion. The Knee Society knee and function scores were 94.2% and 72.6%, respectively. With revision surgery or radiographic failure for any reason as the endpoint, the survival rates at 5 and 9 years were 98.2% and 95.5%, respectively. The most common reason for revision surgery or radiological failure was aseptic loosening.

      Conclusions

      Despite several revision cases mainly due to aseptic loosening, the present study found that this new high-flexion posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty prosthesis design showed comparable results for Asian populations with other PS prosthesis.

      Levels of evidence

      Level Ⅱ (Prospective cohort study).

      Keywords

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