The location of the lateral boundary of the necrotic lesion to the weight-bearing portion of the acetabulum (Type classification) is an important factor for collapse in osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). Recent studies also reported the significance of the location of the anterior boundary of the necrotic lesion on the occurrence of collapse. We aimed to assess the effects of the location of both anterior and lateral boundaries of the necrotic lesion on collapse progression in ONFH.
We recruited 55 hips with post-collapse ONFH from 48 consecutive patients, who were conservatively followed for more than one year. Using a plain lateral radiograph (Sugioka's lateral view), the location of the anterior boundary of the necrotic lesion to the weight-bearing portion of the acetabulum was classified as follows: Anterior-area I (two hips) occupying the medial one-third or less; Anterior-area II (17 hips) occupying the medial two-thirds or less; and Anterior-area III (36 hips) occupying greater than the medial two-thirds. The amount of femoral head collapse was measured by biplane radiographs at the onset of hip pain and each follow-up period, and Kaplan–Meier survival curves with collapse progression (≥1 mm) as the endpoint were produced. The probability of collapse progression was also assessed by the combination of Anterior-area and Type classifications.
Collapse progression was observed in 38 of the 55 hips (69.0%). The survival rate of hips with Anterior-area III/Type C2 was significantly lower. Among hips with Type B/C1, collapse progression occurred more frequently in hips with Anterior-area III (21 of 24 hips) than in hips with Anterior-area I/II (3 of 17 hips, P < 0.0001).
Adding the location of the anterior boundary of the necrotic lesion to Type classification was useful to predict collapse progression especially in hips with Type B/C1.
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Published online: February 14, 2023
Accepted: January 30, 2023
Received in revised form: January 13, 2023
Received: July 19, 2022
Publication stageIn Press Corrected Proof
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