Side-to-side variability in the femoral neck anteversion angle (FA) reportedly varies from 0.0° to 17.3°. To investigate the side-to-side variability in the FA and the relationship between the FA and the morphology of the acetabulum in the Japanese population, we performed a three-dimensional computed tomography (CT)-based study involving patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH).
CT data were obtained from 170 nondysplastic hips of 85 patients with ONFH. The FA and acetabular coverage parameters, including the acetabular anteversion angle, acetabular inclination angle, and acetabular sector angle in the anterior, superior, and posterior directions, were measured using three-dimensional CT. The distribution of the side-to-side variability in the FA was evaluated separately for each of the five degrees.
The mean side-to-side variability in the FA was 6.7° ± 5.3° (range, 0.2°–26.2°). The distribution of the side-to-side variability in the FA was 0.0°–5.0° in 41 patients (48.2%), 5.1°–10.0° in 25 patients (29.4%), 10.1°–15.0° in 13 patients (15.3%), 15.1°–20.0° in 4 patients (4.7%), and >20.1° in 2 patients (2.4%). There was a weak negative correlation between the FA and anterior acetabular sector angle (r = −0.282, P < 0.001) and a very weak positive correlation between the FA and acetabular anteversion angle (r = 0.181, P < 0.018).
The mean side-to-side variability in the FA was 6.7° ± 5.3° (range, 0.2°–26.2°) in Japanese nondysplastic hips, and about 20% of the patients had a side-to-side variability of >10°.
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Published online: March 04, 2023
Accepted: February 23, 2023
Received in revised form: February 17, 2023
Received: October 3, 2022
Publication stageIn Press Corrected Proof
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